• Aestheticism, late 19th-century European arts movement which centred on the doctrine that art exists for the sake of its beauty alone, and that it need serve no political, didactic, or other purpose.
  • Aesthetic Movement is an intellectual and art movement supporting the emphasis of aesthetic values more than social-political themes for literature, fine art, music and other arts.
  • Prominent in Europe during the 19th century.
  • It was supported by notable figures such as Walter Pater and Oscar Wilde.
  • According to them arts should provide refined sensuous pleasure, rather than convey moral or sentimental messages.
  • They developed a cult of beauty, which they considered the basic factor of art. 
  • Predecessors of the Aesthetics included John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley, and some of the Pre-Raphaelites who themselves were a legacy of the Romantic spirit.
  • The Aesthetic Movement, also known as “art for art’s sake”.
  • The Aesthetic Movement provided a challenge to the Victorian public when it declared that art was divorced from any moral or narrative content. 
  • In literature, aestheticism was championed by Oscar Wilde ,  Algernon Swinburne.
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