Parts of Sentence: Subject and Predicate


  • The subject simply refers to the doer of the action or to what (or whom) the sentence is all about.
  • It can be in the form of a noun or a pronoun or noun phrase and is usually (but not always) located before the predicate.
  • For example:
John walked down the street. (noun)
They went to college. (pronoun)
The black dog is sleeping. (noun phrase)
  • Subject is again divided into three categories
    1.  Simple Subject
    2. Complete Subject
    3. Compound Subject
    1. A simple subject is just one word, without any modifiers, usually a noun or pronoun. 
    2. Example:
Emil is a tall boy.


    • A complete subject is (main noun or pronoun) + other words that modify the subject.
    • Example:
James's road bike is much faster than his mountain bike.


    • A Compound subject is multiple subjects (including the words that modify them).
    • Example:
 Tom and Ben became friends.


  • A sentence or clause that says something about the subject. 
  • It tells what the subject does with an action verb or describes the subject using a linking verb and a complement.
  • Example:
Kelly walked down the street.
  • Predicates can contain a good deal of information and may be a long part of the sentence.
  • Predicates often have several parts in addition to the verb, including objects and complements.
  • Predicate is again divided into three categories
  1. Simple Predicate
  2. Complete Predicate
  3. Compound Predicate


  • A simple predicate is the main verb in the predicate that tells what the subject does.
  • It doesn’t give any more information about the verb or verb phrase that is why it is known as Simple predicate.
  • Example:
 The baby is taking a nap.


  • The main verb + other words that modify the verb.
  • complete predicate includes not only the verb or verb phrase but also all the words that give more information about it.
  • Example:
 The singer finished her last song.
The new book is easy to read.


  • Compound verb is multiple verbs including the words that modify them.
  • A compound predicate has two actions for the same subject.
  • Example:
My sisters were going to go to the beach but decided to stay home instead.
Tina finished her project and went to the science fair.
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